Tag Archives: diabetes

Five Categories For diabetes, Not Just Type 1 and Type 2


The diabetes was classified into two types- Type I and Type II. Not really!

According to a research published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, a leading medical journal, there are five distinct types of diabetes that can occur in adulthood.
Currently, the disease is divided into two sub-types.

  • With Type 1 — generally diagnosed in childhood and accounting for about 10 percent of cases — the body simply doesn't make insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels.
  • For Type 2, the body makes some insulin but not enough, which means glucose stays in the blood.

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But now, a team of scientists in Sweden and Finland have identified five clusters of patients with diabetes. According to the researchers, each comes with significantly different characteristics and risk of complications.

Six different measurements were used across four separate studies: age at diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), long-term glycemic (blood sugar) control, the function of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, insulin resistance, and the presence of specific auto-antibodies linked to autoimmune diabetes.

Instead of splitting diabetes simply into type 1 and type 2, the researchers came up with five different disease profiles – one autoimmune type of diabetes and four other distinct subtypes.  All five types were found to be genetically distinct, with no shared mutations.

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According to researchers, this is enough to suggest that there are five distinct diseases that all affect the same body system, rather than the same disease at different stages of progression.

 

A recent blockbuster research study revealed a more precise breakdown of the types of diabetes, suggesting that instead of the recognized Types 1 and 2, there are five subsets of the disease.  The new finding is likely to help doctors target treatments that are more personalized.

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The Scandinavian researchers found that their diabetic subjects fell into five distinct clusters:

  • Cluster 1. Severe autoimmune diabetes. This group is like the classic Type 1.
  • Cluster 2. Severe insulin-deficient diabetes. Like Cluster 1 but the immune system wasn't the cause of their insulin deficiently. This group has the highest risk of retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that can cause vision loss.
  • Cluster 3. Severe insulin-resistant diabetes. This occurs when people are overweight and highly insulin resistant which means that their bodies produce insulin, but their cells don't respond to it. This group has the highest risk of kidney disease.
  • Cluster 4. Mild obesity-related diabetes. People have a milder form of the disease without as many metabolic problems and they tend to be obese.
  • Cluster 5. Mild age-related diabetes. This form is like cluster 4 but people are older when they are diagnosed. This cluster is the most common form, affecting about 40 percent of the people in the study.

Many doctors treat their patients as individuals as they tailor treatment to the patient, establishing who needs oral medications and who needs insulin. They also prescribe diet and exercise for all. A big part of my task is to figure out what is keeping someone from succeeding at gaining control of their blood sugar.

Diabetes No More

The researchers do note some limitations though: there's no evidence yet that these five types of diabetes have different causes, and the sample only included Scandinavian patients, so a wider study is going to be required to investigate this further.

Millions more are thought to have pre-diabetes, or blood sugar levels that are above the normal range but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetic.
Common warning signs include:

  • feeling very thirsty
  • peeing more regularly, especially at night
  • feeling really tired
  • weight loss and loss of muscle bulk
  • itching around the penis or vagina, frequent bouts of thrush
  • cuts or wounds than take ages to heal
  • blurry vision

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Type 1 diabetes, which is a serious lifelong condition that typically requires insulin injections or pump, can develop quickly over a matter of weeks, even days.
In contrast, people can live with type 2 diabetes for years without realizing it, but the condition can be reversed by adopting a healthier lifestyle and losing weight.

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Strange as it may sound, it is possible that your family may have history of diabetes. Some may know it, but many are not aware at all. There is no urgency as you may not have been diagnosed it. Of course, the best way to avoid getting diabetes is not have it in the first place.

In most cases, diabetes can be prevented by changing your lifestyle. Before you know it, you are increasing your weight. You are stressed during the course of life, so you use food as a coping mechanism. Of course, you do not have any time for physical workout. You may not realize it, but it is likely that you are heading toward pre-diabetic stage.

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There is absolutely no reason to reach this stage. You will need to change your diet and exercise routine. You do not need a doctor to tell you how to eat well or what workouts to do. Simply avoid foods that enhance blood sugar level in your body. Minimize your calorie intake and allocate dedicated time for your exercise routine.

There is lot to diabetes. How not to get diabetes? There is so much information out there that you are overwhelmed. So what should you do?

At the onset do not fall for scams. To learn about how diabetes can be prevented or treated, check out the book, The Diabetes Loophole. It is really promising.

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The book will give you realistic perspective of diabetes and how it can be cure in the event you have it. Alarming as it may be, even your physicians will not tell you me how to reverse my pre-diabetic status – it was so easy with this book.

The book is really straightforward to follow. You can implement author’s strategies in no time at all. For example, diabetes can be healed through Hydration. Imagine, plain old water could do so much for my health! The book will help you to adapt to new healthy lifestyle.

You only have one life to live, why not live diabetes-free and healthy.

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Regular Intake Of Sugary Drinks May Cause Diabetes


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Did you know that drinking a can of sugary soda every day can dramatically heighten a person's risk of developing prediabetes?

According to the study published in the Journal of Nutrition, a person who drinks a daily can of sugar-sweetened beverage has a 46 percent increased risk of developing prediabetes. However, a can of diet soda every day does not boost prediabetes risk. Nicola McKeown, was a senior researcher scientist with the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston.

Truth about Diabetes 

The results of the study show how regular sugar intake can batter a person's body on a cellular level. The constant spike in blood glucose over time leads to the cells not becoming able to properly respond, and that's the beginning of insulin resistance.

Prediabetes is an important landmark on the way to type 2 diabetes. Normally it is an indication that a person has elevated blood sugar — a sign of increasing insulin resistance — but has not entered full-blown type 2 diabetes.

Truth about Diabetes 

The research team found those who drank the highest amounts of sugar-sweetened beverages — six 12-ounce servings a week, on average — had a 46 percent higher risk of prediabetes.

It is to be noted that the risk factors for prediabetes include factors such as weight, inactivity, race and family history. However, according to the study, prediabetes risk did decline when they included factors such as other dietary sources of sugar and how much body fat a person had. But it didn't fall much as increased risk associated with sugary drinks still amounted to about 27 percent.

Truth about Diabetes 

Ironically, when studies are funded by the beverage industry, they are less likely to find a link between sugary drinks and obesity and type 2 diabetes. In a report, published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine, Schillinger and his colleagues report that out of the 60 studies they reviewed, 26 did not find a relationship between sugary drinks and obesity or diabetes, and 34 did report a link. All of the studies that did not link the drinks to disease were funded by the beverage industry.

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Is Cinnamon Magic Health Cure?

cinnamon01

Robin Williams, comedian who recently committed suicide, was fighting Parkinson's disease.  The disease is a devastating condition that causes tremors.

There is no cure for Parkinson but cinnamon may help to stop its progression.  Chinese have been using it as a medicine for centuries to help improve circulation and digestion.  Cinnamon has been used for flavoring toothpaste, herbal teas and various desserts.

Cinnamon comes from the bark of trees. It has long been considered a medicinal plant. There are several varieties, harvested from southern China to Southeast Asia. For years, there have been hints that adding cinnamon to your diet can help control blood sugar. And a recent spate of studies adds to the evidence that the effect is real.

Many studies over the years have shown that cinnamon reduces inflammation and fights bacteria.  The impact of cinnamon to combat other diseases is listed below.

Parkinson's disease:  According to a study at Rush Medical Center, cinnamon can reverse changes in the brain seen in Parkinson's patients. Researchers found that when cinnamon was consumed, it was metabolized into sodium benzoate, which reversed biochemical, cellular, and anatomical changes in the brain. Mice that were fed the spice showed better brain function and motor skills, which are often affected in Parkinson's patients.

Diabetes: Numerous studies show that cinnamon is a safe, effective way to reduce blood sugar levels. A study published in Diabetes Care found that consuming cinnamon over a 40-day period reduced blood glucose levels up to 29 percent. A study conducted at Ball State, published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, found that when healthy adults – those of average weight as well as those who were obese – ate a breakfast cereal with 6 grams of cinnamon added, their blood sugar levels dropped by 25 percent during the following two hours.

Other studies have shown that cinnamon stimulates insulin receptors while inhibiting an enzyme that turns receptors off, resulting in a significant increase in cells' ability to use glucose.

High cholesterol: A clinical trial of patients with Type 2 diabetes found that consuming up to 6 grams of cinnamon daily reduced triglycerides by up to 30 percent, LDL (bad) cholesterol by up to 27 percent, and total cholesterol by up to 26 percent. A study from Penn State University found that adding spices, such as cinnamon, to a high-fat meal reduced the body's negative responses to such meals by about 30 percent when compared to a similar meal without spices.

Brain damage: Researchers from Tel Aviv University found that an extract in cinnamon bark called CEppt inhibits the development of Alzheimer's disease. A study presented at a meeting of the Association for Chemoreception found that simply smelling cinnamon boosted several areas in the brain involved in everything from memory to attention and focus. A study by scientists at the Agricultural Research Service found that cinnamon extract might protect brain cells after stroke or traumatic brain injury.

Multiple sclerosis: Various studies have shown that sodium benzoate, a component of cinnamon, can lower clinical symptoms by more than 70 percent by tamping down pro-inflammatory molecules in brain cells. In animal models, according to studies published in the Journal of Immunology, sodium benzoate mixed into drinking water completely inhibited MS. Researchers at Rush University found that cinnamon has anti-inflammatory properties that appear to inhibit the autoimmune reactions that attack and destroy the myelin sheath that protects nerve cells.

What kind of cinnamon is good, you ask.

Cassia cinnamon is the variety you are most likely to encounter in a grocery store. But cassia can contain high levels of coumarin, a naturally occurring ingredient that, when eaten in large enough amounts, can cause reversible liver toxicity in a small group of individuals sensitive to it.

How much cassia is too much? For an adult who is sensitive to coumarin, the limit is about a teaspoon a day, according to the daily tolerable intake set by the European Food Safety Authority.

So if you're a cinnamon lover and your goal is to increase your daily intake, using Ceylon cinnamon can reduce the risk of consuming too much coumarin.

Another option: cinnamon capsules. In many of the studies evaluating the benefits of cinnamon, researchers have used cinnamon supplements.

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